The new bilateral agreements signed with the provinces and territories are presented below. The federal, provincial and territorial governments are the main partners in housing and have a common responsibility and complementary role in housing. At the same time, social housing providers face their own challenges. For example, rising energy costs, combined with very low energy efficiency assessments, are leading to more social housing projects in deficit. Similarly, money that can be spent on aging buildings is lacking. There are also concerns about the allocation of social housing. For example, waiting lists can be shared on the basis of whether a person is providing social assistance or can afford market rent. The chronological order of waiting lists can have a negative impact on those who may be in more urgent need of social housing, and larger families may have even more difficulties, as larger units are even more difficult to obtain. There may also be concerns about the refusal or revocation of social housing and limited appeal options. There are many barriers to the creation of new affordable or supportive housing, the Denontarnen, identified by code grounds, such as people with disabilities, low-income people, newcomers to Canada, Aboriginal people and youth, who would provide housing. Local planning requirements and practices may prevent people from visiting certain neighbourhoods.
Many municipalities have implemented statutes that impose minimum separation distances between certain forms of housing, zonarization laws that limit development on the basis of living people, moratoriums on development and incriminating requirements for public consultation. Residents` opposition to affordable or supportive housing can lead to long delays and higher costs in approving these projects. Even where new housing is successfully created, there may be design compromises that isolate or stigmatize tenants. Social housing, if properly funded and operated, was a very effective way to meet basic housing needs. However, problems with social housing programs have led to a chronic shortage of housing for low-income people and families.