The international community has begun to pay more attention to Turkey`s efforts, particularly towards the expiry of the Treaty of Lausanne. Under international law, any contract expires after 100 years and Erdogan wants to link the expiration of the treaty in 2023 to the current situation in Mosul, northern Iraq, and Raqqa and Afrin in Syria. With the expiry of this century-old treaty in 2023, Turkey will itself enter a new era by drilling oil and dug up a new canal linking the Black Sea to the Marmara Sea to recover the costs of passing ships. This seismic evolution, combined with Turkey`s recent military adventurism, suggests that the geographical contours of the region will certainly undergo a gigantic metamorphosis after the end of the Treaty of Lausanne. In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush resistance to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and was one of the main objectives of the British war: the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement. However, Turkey has kept its freshness and waited until 2023 until the end of the treaty. Turkey is now preparing for the old dream and its realization to take advantage of it after the 2023 era. President Erdogan has indicated that he will reorganize the region and regain lost glory.
He tries to create a phenomenon that can culminate in success to achieve lost glory. In addition, after 2023, Turkey has developed two other visions, the vision of 2053 and 2071. These two were chosen taking into account the two great breakthroughs of the past, 2053 celebrates the victory of Istanbul and 2071 is to celebrate the 1000 years of the decisive victory of the Seldchouks. The expiry of the Treaty of Lausanne by 2023 has sparked a new debate among global geopolitical and geostrategic thinkers about how Turkey would respond to this tectonic development. Will Turkey revive the Ottoman Empire? Will the geopolitical and geoeconomic map of the region change? Will Turkey win again by deploying its hard power and thus creating regional domination? Demands that correspond to these and others are now an integral part of any transnational discourse. Prime Minister Imran Khan and President Erdogan also agreed to develop a strategic framework for promoting trade and investment. Pakistan must seize this opportunity by subdividing its plan into two phases, the pre-2023 era and the post-2023 era. In addition, Pakistan should try to understand the Turkish market and look for raw materials that can be exported.
Mohamed Abdel-Kader Khalil, an Egyptian expert on Turkish affairs, said: “Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East is linked to the use of Turkish military capabilities in the region. This is reflected in Turkish military concentrations on the borders of Iraq and Syria and in its participation in the Red Sea through an agreement on the island of Sawken, Sudan, as well as by the Turkish military intervention in the northern Syrian town of Afrin. “These military interventions are in the context of a previous Turkish intervention in northern Iraq, with the intention of conducting combat exercises in several regional countries and signing military agreements with Arab and African countries. The idea is to develop Turkish relations abroad in order to promote military exports, maximize economic returns and increase regional influence on the basis of a hard power,” he added: “Erdogan`s aggressive nationalism now goes beyond Turkey`s borders and aims to obtain land in Greece and Iraq. Recep Tayyib Erdogan`s statement on the eve of the centenary of the Turkish Republic is indicative of the fact that something revolutionary will happen after 2023.